July 1, 2020 admin

Accounting Terminology Guide Over 1,000 Accounting and Finance Terms


Thegainor losson a put is short orlong termdepending on theholding periodof the stock involved. Ininsurance, the cost of specified coverage for a designatedperiodof time. The residualINTERESTin the assets of a business entity that remains after deducting the entity’s liabilities. The difference between theREVENUESof a business and the related costs and expenses, excludingINCOME derived from a sources other than its regular activities and before income deductions.


Serves as a forum for the 54 State Boards of Accountancy, which administer the uniformCPAexamination, license Certified Public Accountants and regulate the practice of public accountancy in the United States. Serves as a forum for the 54 State Boards of Accountancy, which administer the uniform CPA examination, license Certified Public Accountants and regulate the practice of public accountancy in the United States. Average ofSECURITYor COMMODITY prices constructed on aperiodas short as a few days or as long as several years and showing trends for the latest interval. The use of an intermediate agent, such as a bank, to disguise the source of money received from illegal activities.

Inflation Rate

The grant date for an award of equity instruments is the date that an employee begins to benefit from, or be adversely affected by, subsequent changes in the price of the employer’s equity shares. Management’s assessment of the effectiveness ofinternal control over financial reportingis expressed at the level ofreasonable assurance. It includes the understanding that there is a remote likelihood thatmaterial misstatements will not be prevented or detected on a timely basis. Fortaxpurposes, the concept of basis determines the proper amount ofgaintoreportwhen anASSETis sold. Basis is generally the cost paid for an asset plus the amounts paid to improve the asset less deductions taken against the asset, such asDEPRECIATIONandAMORTIZATION.

The proposal for a new regulatory framework for the publicaccountingprofession which was developed jointly by theAMERICAN INSTITUTE OF CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANTS and theNATIONAL ASSOCIATION of STATE BOARDS of ACCOUNTANCY . The new framework is intended to enhance interstate reciprocity real estate bookkeeping and practice across state lines by CPAs, meet the future needs of the profession, respond to the marketplace and protect the public that the profession serves. Price charged by individual entities in a multi-entity COPORATION on transactions among themselves; also termed transfercost.

Accounts Receivable Turnover

This is determined by dividing net sales by average total assets. A contra-asset account used to reduce ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE to the amount that is expected to be collected in cash. Receipts for shares of foreign company stock maintained by an intermediary indicating ownership.


Netofcashreceipts and cash disbursements relating to a particular activity during a specifiedaccountingperiod. INTERESTcost incurred during the time necessary to bring anASSETto the condition and location for its intended use and included as part of theHISTORICAL COSTof acquiring the asset. Ownership shares of aCORPORATIONauthorized by its ARTICLES OFINCORPORATION. The moneyvalueassigned to a corporation’s issued shares. TheBALANCESHEETaccountwith the aggregate amount of thePAR VALUEorSTATED VALUEof all stock issued by a corporation. Outlay of money to acquire or improve capital assets such as buildings and machinery.

Moving Average Method

They also may start a filing system that is easy to understand, track and maintain. Leverage ratios measure total debt versus total assets and gauge equity. Accounting is how finances are tracked by an individual or organization, such as a small business. BONDon which the holder receives only one payment atmaturitywhich includes bothPRINCIPALandINTERESTfrom issuance to maturity. Rate of spending, orturnoverof money- in other words, how many times a dollar is spent in a givenperiodof time.

Conditional bank commitment issued on behalf of a customer to pay a third party in accordance with certain terms and conditions. The two primary types are commercial letters ofcreditand standby letters of credit. To put money into something such as property, stocks, or a business, in order to earnINTERESTor make aprofit.

Property, Plant, and Equipment

We have no sense of how efficient operations are when labor costs such as leased workers are hidden. Why wages and salaries are ever considered fixed costs in the United States is a puzzle given that virtually all employment there is “at will,” which allows companies to end it unilaterally for any business-related reason. Employers don’t seem to have much difficulty laying off people if it improves financial performance and indeed seem to be cheered along by investors when they do so. The new “unlimited vacation” craze in Silicon Valley and among start-ups has a similar origin.

BST accounting leans into growing, not cutting, internship program – Times Union

BST accounting leans into growing, not cutting, internship program.

Posted: Sun, 16 Apr 2023 11:04:16 GMT [source]

I’ve worked for newspapers, magazines and various online platforms as both a writer and copy editor. I cover various small business topics, including technology, financing and marketing on business.com and Business News Daily. Accountants may do this monthly to ensure that your business’s cash transaction entries are accurate and that you are working with the correct cash position. Accountants may copy all invoices sent, all cash receipts and all cash payments .

What are the 4 types of accounting?

  • Corporate Accounting.
  • Public Accounting.
  • Government Accounting.
  • Forensic Accounting.
  • Learn More at Ohio University.

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